Passion fruit, scientifically known as passiflora edulis, is a vine species of the passion flower. It is usually native to Southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Northern Argentina.
This fruit comes in different varieties that are usually differentiated based on their appearances. Some are bright yellow such as the flavicarpa variety, also known as yellow or golden passionfruit.
This passion fruit can grow up to the size of a grapefruit with a smooth and glossy rind. It also has a dark purple variety that is smaller than a lemon, less acidic, and has a richer aroma and taste.
Different countries have local names for passion fruit. Check out this list.
There are several other countries wherein passion fruit is a common food so check that out when you have time.
Lilikoi contains natural anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, antihistamines, antispasmodic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-bacterial, and anti-insect properties.
This superfood has many health benefits including promoting intestinal health, cardiovascular health, relaxation, and weight loss. Passion fruit, also helps with asthma attacks, treating insomnia, reducing anxiety, and fighting cancer.
A cup of lilikoi, approximately 247 grams, contains the following:
It is also a good source of fiber and is a nutrient-dense fruit.
Passion fruit contains a lot of antioxidants such as beta carotene and polyphenols.
Polyphenols are plant compounds that have a range of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects which reduce the risk of chronic inflammation and conditions like heart disease.
Some studies suggest that passion fruit peel supplements may have powerful anti-inflammatory effects. This can help people with asthma and osteoarthritis but further studies are still needed to prove the claim.
Aside from having antioxidants, passion fruit is also rich in dietary fiber which has been linked to a lower risk of conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
Although rare, passion fruit allergy can happen to some people. This is most common for people with latex allergies.