Avocado is a pear-shaped berry fruit with a single large seed. It has a creamy consistency like butter and skin like an alligator; thus, its other name is alligator pear.
It is scientifically known as Persia Americana from the family of Lauraceae, which is a native tree from the Western Hemisphere of Mexico to the Andean regions. Hans Sloane coined the term avocado in a 1969 index of Jamaican plants.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) classified avocado as a vegetable-based on typical usage. However, this is considered a fruit as they fit the botanical criteria of a berry. Mexico is regarded as the worlds largest producer of avocados.
There are three significant avocado races, namely Mexican, Guatemalan, and West Indian. There are hundreds of avocado hybrids with varying characteristics across the different regions of the world.
Hawaiis main avocado export is Sharwill. It is a cross between Mexican and Guatemalan races. It has small seeds and greenish-yellow flesh creamy with a nutty flavor, and its skin turns green when ripened.
Moreover, there is also one prominent avocado variety in Hawaii that most Hawaiians love - the Malama Avocado.
This avocado type features a regular, plump fruit that ripens mostly in fall. It has purple skin, easy to peel, and has a nutty flavor.
It also has a high oil content and is creamy, so you should eat this moderately.
Avocado is incredibly nutritious. It is loaded with healthy fats and various essential nutrients that the body needs. It contains:
Avocado also maintains healthy:
Avocado contains vitamins, minerals, and healthy fats that help prevent disease and keep the body in good shape.
Some nutritional facts in a 68 gram, about a one-half serving of avocado, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI):
Apart from these nutrients, avocado also contains small amounts of magnesium, manganese, copper, iron, zinc, phosphorus, and Vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), and B3 (niacin).
Avocado and avocado oil are high in oleic, a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid suitable for the heart.
According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), avocado fruit is toxic to horses. Its leaves, bark, skin, or pit are documented to be harmful to some animals like cats, dogs, cattle, goats, rabbits, birds, and fish.
People who suffer from severe allergies to latex may also have symptoms after eating some avocado. Proteins from avocado are likely similar to the protein from Brazilian rubber trees to make latex products, which causes an allergic reaction. This may be called latex-food syndrome or latex-fruit allergy.